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Delphi-study on the future of energy systems in Germany, Europe and the world by the year 2040

Please find the complete results of Delphi Energy Future here:

Study Report

‘It is not a matter of correctly predicting the future, but of being prepared for it.’
Pericles (ca. 500 – 429 BCE), Athenian politician and military commander

‘Prediction is very difficult, especially about the future.’
Niels Bohr (1885 – 1962), Danish physicist

Mission Statement

The Delphi Energy Future study aims to examine how energy systems will change in Germany, Europe and around the world by the year 2040. The goal is to break down the national parameters that currently shape the debate on adapting or redesigning energy systems, particularly in Germany, and to venture a comprehensive look at the energy systems of the future from a global standpoint.

What challenges are energy systems likely to face in the future? How can we design strategic solutions for problems that will only emerge as we progress through the next three decades? How can we anticipate what we do not know today? Where will the new centres of economic growth be, and how do today’s stakeholders and decision-makers see energy systems developing?

The many studies on this topic have not provided us with full answers: sectoral analyses have tended to view individual industries, states or resources in isolation. In our Delphi Energy Future study, we have set ourselves the target of taking a comprehensive view, identifying common ground and examining interdependencies. At the same time, our study is an invitation to formulate visionary approaches and bold ideas, and to think outside the box. We wish to offer food for thought and inspiration to visualise the future of the complex energy system as it might take shape tomorrow.

The core question posed in the Delphi Energy Future study is therefore: What future awaits the energy system in Germany, Europe and the world in the year 2040 and beyond?

This forward-looking project is a joint endeavour of the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft – BDEW), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and PriceWaterhouseCoopers AG (PwC).



Please join us, as we would like to share our motivation behind this project with you.